The Brazilian public health system has a comprehensive network of hospitals and care centers. Nevertheless, it is recommended that you get health insurance before travelling to Brazil.
No vaccines are required if you travel directly to Rio de Janeiro and do not plan to go elsewhere in Brazil.
If you are planning to visit other areas in any of the following states: Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Bahia, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pará, Piauí, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondônia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Tocantins or the Federal District, then the Brazilian Ministry of Health recommends vaccination against yellow fever, though this is not mandatory. To be effective, yellow fever vaccination must occur ten days prior to entering risk areas. The vaccine is valid for ten years. Vaccination against hepatitis A is also recommended to those who plan to visit the Amazon region.
It is also important to check the list of vaccines recommended by the government of your country of nationality or residence.
Certain medications, like anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic drugs, can be easily purchased at pharmacies in the country, or even by phone. However, the purchase of certain medications, such as prescription drugs, antibiotics and antidepressants, requires a prescription issued by a Brazilian doctor, usually from the same state as where the medicine is to be acquired. As such, we recommend that travellers bring, from their countries of origins, any continuous-use and/or commonly-used drugs, accompanied by a prescription or proof showing that the drugs are for personal use.